1080 Steel Explained

1080 Steel Explained

Table of Contents

1080 Steel is non-alloy steel commonly known as carbon steel, primarily used to create wrought iron products.

It has high electrical conductivity and less ductility. What makes 1080 Steel so popular is the tensile strength of carbon steel.

Most non-alloy steels are not as strong as 1080 steel. This steel is also categorized as SAE-AISI 1080 steel.

Steels usually have a shallow carbon content. 1080 steel has 2.5% more carbon content than standard steel, making it stand out from the other steels.

Carbon steel has unique properties that are not often found in any other type of steel. Products made out of 1080 steel last longer.

They are solid and durable, known for their elastic properties. Let’s get an in-depth understanding of 1080 Steel.

What Is 1080 Steel?

What Is 1080 Steel?

1080 Steel is high carbon steel. Usually, steel does not have a high carbon content. That is why 1080 Steel stands out.

It has a carbon percentage of 0.75-0.88%. 1080 Steel is also known as carbon steel. It is a fully pearlitic high carbon steel, which is more challenging than any other steel.

Carbon steel has a mixture of the finest elastic properties. The 1080 steel is a high-carbon alloy.

Automobile parts, springs, piano keys, shafts are all made out of 1080 steel. It is one of the most widely used alloys.

Steel is made out of different elements. It mainly consists of carbon and iron. You might also find some other trace elements in the mixture.

One of the main reasons it is so popular with manufacturers is the cost. 1080 steel is inexpensive and highly cost-effective.

The durability of 1080 steel allows manufacturers to use it for almost any product. Whenever steel has to be used to make a product, it has to be heated.

When you heat steel at a high temperature, it melts and can then be molded into the desired shape.

The high malleability of 1080 steel is what makes it so unique. It is elastic and can be used to create complex objects.

1080 Steel Properties

1080 Steel Properties

1080 steel has multiple properties. They range from high tensile strength to low flexibility.

Let’s understand some of the basic properties of this steel type. It will help you understand why 1080 Steel is one of the most popular non-alloys in the market.


1080 steel is the safest steel to work with. In comparison to other types of steel, it is safe to handle.

That is why it is usually used to build materials used in a home. Since 1080 steel is fire-resistant, it is also known to protect homes from any potential natural disasters.

Besides, it is also earthquake-resistant. Houses built from carbon steel are known to keep you safe from hurricanes and tornadoes.

Carbon steel is also shock resistant, which makes it even safer than other steel.


1080 steel is known for its strength. Since it is solid, it can last longer than most steels.

That is why carbon steel is used for building roads and highways. It does not rot quickly. Carbon steel corrodes at a slow rate.

Meaning, it lasts longer, and you don’t have to replace it often. 1080 steel is also used in construction. Its ability to withstand natural disasters is extraordinary.

Piping materials are made out of 1080 steel.


1080 steel is highly malleable. Upon heating, carbon steel becomes highly elastic. Due to its unique quality, several items can be made from it.

1080 steel is used to make springs, piano wires, hand tools, and so on. Any product that needs to be bent in a complex manner can be produced using 1080 steel.

Turning metal into spring can be difficult. It has now become simple thanks to 1080 steel. It bends easily. It allows manufacturers to create intricate steel products.


1080 steel is affordable. Since it also lasts longer, you don’t have to replace it often. It is cheaper to make pipes out of carbon steel.

Carbon steel can be heated and made thin. Other metals cannot be turned into such thin layers.

Copper pipes are much more expensive. Since you cannot turn copper into such a thin layer, it costs more than carbon pipes.

It is also great for making cookware. Carbon steel is used to make pots and pans. It is much healthier to use these items for cooking.

These are the properties of 1080 steel. Now let’s look at its pros and cons.

Advantages Of 1080 Steel

Advantages Of 1080 Steel
  • 1080 steel is used to make delicate steel items. It is most commonly used for making piano wires. Springs, antennas, and spring clamps are also made out of carbon steel. Carbon steel is also used to make cutting tools. Hitting tools, hand tools, and ring rolling tools are made out of 1080 steel. 
  • It is the most commonly used steel in the automobile industry. Automotive spare parts are made out of carbon steel. Springs, shafts, and other parts are made out of 1080 steel.
  • 1080 steel has high hardiness. It is solid. You can use it to make big as well as small products. Small products made out of carbon steel are excellent. 1080 steel is known for its tensile strength.
  • Carbon steel is highly elastic. That is why you can use it to make wires and as well as roads. You can use it to make both big and small items. This amount of elasticity is rare in most metals. 1080 steel takes the prize when it comes to malleability.
  • It is environmentally friendly. 70% of steel is recycled. It means more steel is recycled than glass, paper, and plastic. 1080 steel is easy to recycle. That is why it is one of the best steels in the market.
  • This steel has high wear resistance. 1080 steel is used to make agricultural machinery. Parts of tractors and combines are made out of carbon steel.

Disadvantages Of 1080 Steel

Disadvantages Of 1080 Steel
  • It is challenging to work with 1080 steel. Since it is solid, it is hard to bend. You require a lot of effort to bend it to the desired shape.
  • Carbon steel cannot be used for welding work. It becomes brittle and breaks easily. It does not bend easily, which is why you need to use high pressure. But if an extra amount of pressure is put, it can break easily. So, you need to be extremely careful while bending this steel. 
  • 1080 steel is not aesthetically appealing. It can make products look unattractive. 
  • Due to its elemental makeup, 1080 steel is hefty. Sometimes this can become an issue.

1080 Steel Vs. Other Steel Types

1080 Steel Vs. Other Steel Types

There are four main types of steel in the market – Alloy steel, Carbon Steel, Tool Steel, and Stainless Steel.

Out of all these steels, carbon is the most highly preferred steel. Most manufacturers like it because it is strong.

Carbon steel is also highly durable. It lasts longer and does not need to be replaced often. 1080 steel is one such carbon steel.

It has a unique mixture of elements. You can use it to make a piano wire or an automotive spare part.

In comparison to W2 steel,1080 steel has a low carbon content. High carbon content makes the steel extremely hard.

It also makes it less ductile. If the steel is too hard, it cannot be easily bent. Steel is used to make several objects. Everything from spring to a road requires steel.

So, when the carbon content of steel is high, it becomes harder to use. The carbon content of 1080 steel is 0.8%, while that of W2 steel is 1.1%.

Another popular steel is the 1095 steel. It, too, has a higher carbon content than 1080 steel.

Both the steels are great to use. But since 1080 has a lower carbon content, it is better. Manufacturers prefer 1080 steel over 1095 steel. 

Where Is 1080 Steel Used?

Where Is 1080 Steel Used?

Each carbon steel has a different part to play. Depending on the usage, different types of steel are used.

Carbon steels have become quite popular over time and are often preferred by manufacturers. 1080 steel is carbon steel. It is used to make multiple products.

You can make a tiny spring or a large automobile spare part. Either way, 1080 steel works well. Companies also make cutting tools out of 1080 steel.

It is solid. It allows manufacturers to make blades that can cut through objects.

1080 steel is also elastic. That is why tiny springs and wires can be made out of it. Due to its tensile strength, the products don’t break easily. 

Companies also make gears out of 1080 steel. Since it is less prone to corrosion, gears tend to last much longer.

Kitchen knives, springs, bolts, ball bearings, and automotive spare parts are also made out of 1080 steel.

This steel is also used in the construction of roads. Many airplane spare parts are also made out of carbon steel.

Piano wires are the most popular products made out of 1080 steel.


1080 steel is one of the best carbon steels in the market. It is non-alloy steel which is solid and durable.

You can make several steel products using 1080 steel. Its elastic properties make it easy to use.

Most manufacturers prefer carbon steel over other steels. If you want to make a product out of carbon steel, then 1080 steel is for you.



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